Analytical pyrolysis GCMS is used to introduce certain sample types to a gas chromatograph, which can only handle compounds in the
semi-volatile range. These types include solids and high molecular-weight compounds.
Pyrolysis GC-MS is also used to minimize sample preparation, or when analysis of a whole sample is desired.
Applications for pyrolysis GC MS include forensics, paints, ink, art materials, polymers, adhesives, surfactants,
and even microorganisms. One of the benefits of pyrolysis GC MS is that sample preparation is usually minimal, consisting of
trimming and weighing solid samples into a micro vial. Or, liquid samples can be delivered onto a
micro vial using a microliter syringe. In both cases, the sample capacity is in the microgram or low milligram range.
The OPTIC-4 is lately used a lot for pyrolysis GC MS for microplastics as the sample handling is very easy and the OPTIC-4 Pyro version has a high end temperature.
Pyrolysis can be done inside the OPTIC-4 inlet liner for both liquid and solid samples.
The sample is injected into the inlet with any autosampler or in manual mode. The liquid sample
is introduced while the inlet is cold, after the injection the solvent is blown away and the OPTIC-4
is heated with a very fast ramp rate to the Pyrolysis temperature.
The sample is placed into the liner or microvial and the liner is placed into the inlet. After this the OPTIC-4 inlet is heated to the pyrolysis temperature.
Changing the liners can be done with the LINEX
to automate the Pyrolysis.
are possible e.g. LVI-Pyrolysis, Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA)and Reactive Pyrolysis.
Manual Pyrolysis steps example:
The OPTIC pyrolysis solution has several modes:
Single Shot GC analysis
With this method or mode the sample is heated after introduction with a fast speed to the pyrolysis temperature. Only one temperature step is used.
Double Shot GC analysis
This technique allows a sample to be sequentially analysed for volatile components. Volatile components contained in a sample are first desorbed at relatively low temperatures, this is followed by fast pyrolysis step at high temperature.
Large Volume Pyrolysis
LVI Pyrolysis can easily been done with the OPTIC inlet, just like regular LVI injections.
Multistep programmed pyrolysis (Multi Shot)
Analytical runs may be programmed for up to nine temperature steps per sample.
Sample Cup or Micro Vial
A small glass sample cup is available to introduce a sold or liquid sample. We have 2 versions
Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA)
The sample is dropped into the inlet which is at a relatively low temperature (ca. 40-100°C). The inlet is then programmed to a much higher temperature (ca. 700°C). Compounds ”evolve” from the sample as the temperature increases. A plot of detector response versus furnace temperature is obtained.
Thermal Desorption (TD)
Thermal desorption is simply a technique for analyzing the constituents evolving from the sample over a given temperature range.
Thermally assisted Hydrolysis and Methylation (THM) can easily be done under Helium conditions.
Thermal Extraction Desorption gas chromatography mass spectrometry (TED-GC-MS).
This method consists of thermal extraction of the sample via thermogravimetric analysis (EGA),
collection of the evolved gaseous decomposition products on a solid-phase adsorber and analysis of the loaded adsorber using Thermal-Desorption-GC-MS.
- Polymer Characterization
- Characterisation of Polymers by Multi-Step Thermal Desorption/Programmed Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography Using a High Temperature PTV Injector
- Nitrile Rubber Analysis
- Characterization of paint from artwork
- Pyrolysis of solid PE and PPSU
- Pyrolysis of Polystyrene and Polycarbonate
- Phthalates in Polymers (IEC 62321)
- Improved characterisation of materials using pyrolysis with GCxGC and BenchTOF2 MS
- Pyrolysis of a PTFE Sample
- Pyrolysis of a Polyamide Sample
- The Thermal Desorption/Pyrolysis of Glass Fibre Air Filters
- Analysis of Microplastics (MP)in Environmental Samples
- Pyrolysis GCMS of car-tyre rubber
- On-line size exclusion chromatography-pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for copolymer characterization and additive analysis
- Programmed-temperature vaporiser injector as a new analytical tool for combined thermal desorption-pyrolysis of solid samples. Application to geochemical analysis.
- Hyphenation of aqueous liquid chromatography to pyrolysis-gas chromatography and mass spectrometry for the comprehensive characterization of water-soluble polymers.
- Pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for studying N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone-co-vinyl acetate copolymers and their dissolution behaviour
- Quantitative pyrolysis - gas chromatography - mass spectrometry to study polymer dissolution and solubility
- Synthesis of Bio-aromatics from Black Liquors Using Catalytic Pyrolysis
- Co-Polymer sequence determination over the molar mass distribution by size-exclusion chromatography combined with pyrolysis - gas chromatography