Analytical pyrolysis GCMS is used to introduce certain sample types to a gas chromatograph, which can only handle compounds in the semi-volatile range.
These types include solids and high molecular-weight compounds. Pyrolysis GC-MS is also used to minimize sample preparation,
or when analysis of a whole sample is desired. Applications for pyrolysis GC MS include forensics, paints, ink, art materials, polymers, adhesives,
surfactants, and even microorganisms. One of the benefits of pyrolysis GC MS is that sample preparation is usually minimal, consisting of trimming
and weighing solid samples into a micro vial. Or, liquid samples can be delivered onto a micro vial using a microliter syringe. In both cases,
the sample capacity is in the microgram or low milligram range.
The OPTIC-4 is lately used a lot for pyrolysis GC MS for microplastics as the sample handling is very easy and the OPTIC-4 Pyro version has a high end temperature.
Pyrolysis inside the OPTIC-4 inlet liner for both liquid and solid samples.
The pyrolysis is done inside the fast heating inlet, so there is no transfer line involved and the pyrolysis set will be done on top of the analytical column.
The sample is injected into the inlet with any autosampler or in manual mode. The liquid sample
is introduced while the inlet is cold, after the injection the solvent is blown away and the OPTIC-4
is heated with a very fast ramp rate to the Pyrolysis temperature.
The sample is placed into the liner or microvial and the liner is placed into the inlet. After this the OPTIC-4 inlet is heated to the pyrolysis temperature.
Changing the liners can be done with the LINEX to automate the Pyrolysis.
The OPTIC pyrolysis solution has several modes:
Single Shot GC analysis
With this method or mode the sample is heated after introduction with a fast speed to the pyrolysis temperature. Only one temperature step is used.
Double Shot GC analysis
This technique allows a sample to be sequentially analysed for volatile components. Volatile components contained in a sample are first desorbed at relatively low temperatures, this is followed by fast pyrolysis step at high temperature.
Large Volume Pyrolysis
LVI Pyrolysis can easily been done with the OPTIC inlet, just like regular LVI injections.
Multistep programmed pyrolysis (Multi Shot)
Analytical runs may be programmed for up to nine temperature steps per sample.
Sample Cup or Micro Vial
A small glass sample cup is available to introduce a sold or liquid sample. We have 2 versions available.
Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA)
The sample is dropped into the inlet which is at a relatively low temperature (ca. 40-100°C). The inlet is then programmed to a much higher temperature (ca. 700°C). Compounds ”evolve” from the sample as the temperature increases. A plot of detector response versus furnace temperature is obtained.
Thermal Desorption (TD)
Thermal desorption is simply a technique for analyzing the constituents evolving from the sample over a given temperature range.
Thermally assisted Hydrolysis and Methylation (THM) can easily be done under Helium conditions.
Example chromatogram of pyrolysis of polycarbonate at 700°C
Automated pyrolysis or thermal desorption.